There are a lot of reasons that teeth can get discolored. There are various reasons that teeth gets discolored. But basically it is because of two simple reasons:
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- Intrinsic reason
Inside our teeth, there is an inner part called dentin. Over time, the dentin will naturally get darker. The discolored dentin then would reflect through the enamel, making it look yellowish.
The only way that serves as a solution to this matter is by soaking the teeth in with hydrogen peroxide, which can also be called as a whitening gel, or beach to become lighter. When the peroxide is used to whiten teeth, it produces free radicals that would later seep in between the enamel cones. The free radicals would physically shrink the pigment molecules. This would reduce the darkness.
Making the pigment smaller also means that it would reflect less light.
However, a day after your teeth whitening is very important if you follow through this process. This is because the process itself hydrates the teeth. It will be rehydrated once you start eating and drinking again.
- Extrinsic Reason
Teeth could turn yellowish because of extrinsic reasons as well. This refers to the stains that were left on our teeth after we consumed certain food or drinks. A few reasons why teeth could go get stained; drinking or chewing tobacco, drinking red wine, or coffee.
This can be easily removed with a polish by your hygienist at teeth cleaning or with polishing and whitening toothpaste.
When you clear your teeth of stains, you will be exposing the color of your dentin. However, you will not be able to change the natural color of it.
In order to be able to get a teeth whitening method, you have to consider a couple of factors such as your age, your dental history, the treatment method, the cost of it, along with the type of discoloration that you have.
In general, there are a couple of ways that you can get your teeth whitened:
- Administered by your dentist
Your dentist can use several different methods to whiten your teeth, either in the office or at home. Generally, they will be using carbamide peroxide to whiten your teeth. This compound breaks down to hydrogen peroxide and targets the tooth color in a chemical reaction.
The teeth whitening that is done in the office can be very beneficial because it works very quickly. Usually, you will only need an hour treatment or a few visits to whiten your teeth. In-office treatment is also recommended if you have receding gums or abfraction lesions.
- Teeth whitening products
There are many of the counter products as well that exists in the market to help you whiten your teeth.
However, unlike a direct treatment with the doctor, these type of products may not be effective. This product has no carbamide peroxide or much less than what doctors would usually use.
These type of products are whitening strips and whitening toothpaste.
- Activated Charcoal and other home remedies
Activated charcoal is one of the methods that people use to get their teeth to whiten traditionally. There are various other home remedies that you can try as well, such as oil pulling, using baking soda, using apple cider vinegar, as well as using vegetable and fruits like strawberries and pineapples.
There is no official scientific research that proved home remedies are effective in the various methods that can be used in whitening your teeth. However, this material has been used in various of the counter products that function as a teeth whitener.
It is very important to know which product or method that we use, and the side effect that it has. In general, there are a couple of side effects that teeth whitening can have such as:
1. Tooth Sensitivity
You may notice that your teeth get sensitive during the whitening process, or for a short period after the procedure. This is because of the exposure of the dentin layer during the whitening process.
You are advised to consult your doctor beforehand in case you have tooth sensitivity before you decide to whiten.
2. Soft tissue irritation
This is also known an as chemical burn. Soft tissue irritation may occur if the whitening solution is exposed to the gum tissue during the whitening process. When soft irritation occurs, your gum will appear white immediately after they have come into contact with the whitening solution.
The tissue will return to normal very shortly after the exposure to the chemicals. Prolonged exposure to teeth whitening gels or solution on the gum tissue also may result in the inflammation and redness of the areas affected by the whitening solution.
3. Undesirable result
Depending on the initial shade of your teeth, the results achieved after whitening your teeth may not be what you wanted or hoped for. If you have heavy stains or internal color discoloration, you may not even notice a change in your teeth after teeth whitening.
There is another side effect as well if you whiten your teeth too often. Your teeth may start appearing as grey or translucent. Additionally, teeth whitening doesn’t work if you have caps, crowns, veneers, or fillings.
4. Nerve pain
Laser teeth whitening treatments are significantly more likely to cause nerve pains and sensitivity than other teeth whitening methods. The nerve pain, however, can be reduced by using pain medications such as Tylenol.
5. Enamel Damage
Excessive usage of teeth whiteners can also remove a small amount of enamel, where the stains are found. It has to be used in moderation since the amount of enamel that it removed would be minimal.
There are various methods that exist to whiten your teeth. However, it is suggested that for you to better consult a doctor or a professional in case if you want to whiten your teeth. Off products counter can have a side effect that you do not know if you use it too frequently or in the wrong way.
Home remedies are also deemed safer rather than using off the shelf products. However, you need to research about it beforehand to be able to comprehend its full side effect to you as a user.
The best way to start it by avoiding food or beverages that can stain your teeth.