Depression is a common sickness that everyone would have felt one point in their life. It is, estimated that depression affects one every fifteen adults, in any given year. It appears at any moment in someone’s life, although it usually starts to appear during late teens to mid-20s.
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Depression is a serious medical illness that negatively reflects what you feel, how you feel, the way you think and who you are. It can cause a feeling of sadness and the loss of interest in any activity that you previously enjoyed doing.
Luckily, depression is highly curable.
There are a lot of people who get confused about the feeling of sadness and depression. Sadness usually comes from the feeling of losing someone that we have known for quite a while or losing a job or a relationship that we had.
Here are the differences between both of them:
- Sadness or grief is a natural mechanism of our selves to protect ourself, and it is unique to each individual. There are some people who would simply refuse to go out, but there are others who do the exact opposite.
The feeling of sadness usually mingles with other feelings such as happiness, the feeling of missing someone important, etc.
However, in the case of depression, the feeling of self-loathing and sadness is constant for two weeks or even more.
- Sadness provides us with essential space for self-reflection, and greater empathy as well as compassion. It may also compel us to recognize difficult truths. The sense of self-esteem is attained in this case. Unlike in depression, the feeling of self-esteem is usually not attained. Instead, that individual would have felt extreme self-loathing or worthlessness.
There are various symptoms of depression such as:
- Feeling of fatigue and loss of energy.
- Individuals who feel depressed starts doing purposeless action such as pacing back and forth. They usually also suffer from the slowed movement of speech and body movements.
- The feeling of overwhelming sadness
- Thoughts of suicide or death
- Inability to concentrate or think straight.
Depression ranges from mild to severe, dependable on its effect in a certain individual. There are several types of depression that someone could have:
This is the term that is used to describe a severe form of depression where the physical symptoms of depression are present. One of the major changes is that the person starts to move slower than they are used to.
- Psychotic Depression
There are several cases of depression where the person lost their own sense of touch with reality and experience psychosis. This means that the person would be having episodes of hallucinations, seeing and hearing things that are not there. The person with psychotic depression also can have delusions and can be paranoid.
- Antenatal and Postnatal Depression
This is mostly suffered by women. There are medical studies that stated that women are twice more likely to suffer from depression. This is because their bodies are heavily influenced by the influx of hormones.
Postnatal depression is also known as baby blues. This is a common condition related to hormonal changes and affects up to 80% of women. This type of depression could not only affect the mother, but also her relationship with the baby, the child’s development, the mother’s relationship with her partner and with other members of the family.
- Bipolar Disorder
This was also known as manic depression in which the sufferer experiences periods of depression and periods of mania with periods of normal moods in between.
This type of disorder has the exact opposite symptoms of normal depression. They are usually manic and has higher lever energy than normal.
Bipolar disorder is usually linked to family history. Stress and conflict can trigger episodes for people with this condition.
For people who suffer depression, there are a couple of treatments that they can take to improve their condition:
A lot of the reasons for someone having depression is because of brain chemistry. For these reasons, antidepressants might be prescribed to help modify one’s brain chemistry. These type of medications are not sedatives or habit-forming. Generally, antidepressants have no stimulating effect on people not experiencing depression.
The full effect generally will not kick in for the first two to three months. If a patient does not feel the effect of change after several weeks, their psychiatrist would normally refer them to another antidepressant or alter the dose.
This is usually used to treat mild depression. For moderate and severe depression, psychotherapy is more often combined with antidepressants medications.
Forms of psychotherapy that has been found to have an effect are cognitive-behavioral therapy. It focused on present and problem-solving. This type of therapy helps a person to recognize distorted thinking and then change their behaviors and thinking.
3. Electroconvulsive Therapy
This is a medical treatment that is most commonly used for patients with severe major depression or bipolar disorder who has not responded to any other form of treatment.
This therapy involves a brief electrical stimulation of the brain while the patient is under anesthesia. Typically, a patient would receive two to three times a week of the treatment for a total of six to twelve treatments.
4. Healthy habits
There are other activities that someone who suffers from depression can do as well to battle their depression. These are simple habits that help most of the patient.
They are recommended to start doing healthy habits in their life. This can include a 30 to 40 minutes cardio work out three times can reduce depression symptoms. Enough sleep of seven to eight hours per night is also recommended by the doctors.
It is found that a healthy diet has a correlation with depression. Food that contains a high amount of sugar and fat has a sluggish effect on our body and makes you feel sluggish.
5. Watch a funny show
This might sound absurd but when you laugh, you might be able to trick yourself and convince your brain that you are happy. Do not think that it is merely a distraction but as an effective tool in reminding yourself of how to be happy.